‘reference glaciers’ for mass balance

Glacier mass balance is the direct and undelayed response to atmospheric climate change and hence is among the essential variables required for climate system monitoring. It has been recognised as one of the largest non-steric contributor to sea-level rise.
The term ‘reference glacier’ relates to a number of glaciers that have received continuous, long-term observations (> 30 years, in order to reflect a climate signal) (Zemp et al., 2009). The WGMS gathers data on mass balance, thickness change and front variation as well as its reconstruction. The ‘reference glaciers’ are found in Canada, USA, Norway, Russia, European Alps, Sweden, China, Kazakhstan and Chile and thus are strongly biased towards the Northern Hemisphere and Europe.
This page provides detailed information on those ‘reference glaciers’ given in individual factsheets (see list below). The factsheets are designed to provide clear information and data to anyone interested in learning more about the ‘reference glaciers’.

For access to the full data set on the ‘reference glaciers’, click here.

Overview map

Overview_map_reference_glaciers

List of 'reference glaciers'

Mountain rangeCountryGlacier name
ALASKAUSGULKANA
ALASKAUSWOLVERINE
PACIFIC COAST RANGEUSCOLUMBIA (2057)
PACIFIC COAST RANGEUSLEMON CREEK
PACIFIC COAST RANGEUSSOUTH CASCADE
PACIFIC COAST RANGECAHELM
PACIFIC COAST RANGECAPEYTO
PACIFIC COAST RANGECAPLACE
CANADIAN HIGH ARCTICCADEVON ICE CAP NW
CANADIAN HIGH ARCTICCAMEIGHEN ICE CAP
CANADIAN HIGH ARCTICCAMELVILLE SOUTH ICE CAP
CANADIAN HIGH ARCTICCAWHITE
SVALBARDSJAUSTRE BROEGGERBREEN
SVALBARDSJMIDTRE LOVÉNBREEN
SCANDINAVIANOAALFOTBREEN
SCANDINAVIANOENGABREEN
SCANDINAVIANOGRAASUBREEN
SCANDINAVIANOHELLSTUGUBREEN
SCANDINAVIANONIGARDSBREEN
SCANDINAVIANOREMBESDALSKAAKA
SCANDINAVIANOSTORBREEN
SCANDINAVIASESTORGLACIAEREN
ALPSATHINTEREIS FERNER
ALPSATKESSELWAND FERNER
ALPSATSTUBACHER SONNBLICK KEES
ALPSATVERNAGT FERNER
ALPSATWURTENKEES
ALPSCHGRIES
ALPSCHSILVRETTA
ALPSFRARGENTIERE
ALPSFRSAINT SORLIN
ALPSFRSARENNES
ALPSITCARESER
CAUCASUSRUDJANKUAT
TIEN SHANKZTS. TUYUKSUYSKIY
TIEN SHANCNURUMQI GLACIER NO. 1
ALTAYRU LEVIY AKTRU
ALTAYRUMALIY AKTRU
ALTAYRUVODOPADNIY (NO.125)
ANDESCLECHAURREN NORTE

References:

  • Meta Data Browser. Accessible at: http://www.wgms.ch/fogbrowser/.
  • WGMS (2015). Global Glacier Change Bulletin No. 1 (2012-2013). Zemp, M., Gärtner-Roer, I., Nussbaumer, S. U., Hüsler, F., Machguth, H., Mölg, N., Paul, F., and Hoelzle, M. (eds.), ICSU(WDS)/IUGG(IACS)/ UNEP/UNESCO/WMO, World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zurich, Switzerland, 230 pp., publication based on database version: doi:10.5904/wgms-fog-2015-11.
  • WGMS (2012). Fluctuations of Glaciers 2005-2010, Volume X. Zemp M., Frey H., Gärtner-Roer I., Nussbaumer S.U., Hoelzle M., Paul F. & Haeberli W. (eds.), IUCN(WDS)/IUGG (IACS)/UNEP/UNESCO/WMO, World Glacier Monitoring Service: Zurich.
  • WGMS (2013). Glacier Mass Balance Bulletin No. 12 (2010-11). Zemp, M., Nussbaumer, S.U., Naegeli, K., Gärtner-Roer, I., Paul, F., Hoelzle, M. and Haeberli, W. (eds.), ICSU (WDS) / IUGG (IACS) / UNEP / UNESCO / WMO, World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zurich, Switzerland: 106 pp.
  • Zemp M., Hoelzle M. & Haeberli W. (2009). Six decades of glacier mass-balance observations: a review of the worldwide monitoring network. Annals of Glaciology, 50, 101-111.
last change 30/06/2016