selected literature

In the following, selected proceedings from workshops and conferences on glacier monitoring and studies using WGMS data are listed:

Selected proceedings from workshops and conferences on glacier monitoring:

  • Casassa, G., Rivera, A., Kaser, G., Ribstein, P. and Schneider, C. (eds.) 2007. Current Status of Andean glaciers. Global and Planetary Change, 59 (1-4).
  • International Glaciological Society 2007. The International Symposium on Cryospheric Indicators of Global Climate Change held in the city of Cambridge, England. Annals of Glaciology, 46.
  • Jansson, P., Fountain, A., Kaser, G., and Dyurgerov, M. (eds.) 1999. Workshop on Methods and Modelling of Mass Balance Measurements Tarfala, 10-12 August, 1998. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 81, 4.
  • Jansson, P. and Hagen, J.O. (eds.) 2009. Mass balance measurements and modeling. Annals of Glaciology, 50.
  • Kääb, A., Chiarle, M., Raup, B. and Schneider, C. (eds.) 2007. Climate change impacts on mountain glaciers and permafrost. Global and Planetary Change, 56.
  • Kull, C., Solomina, O., Haeberli, W. and Wiles, G. (eds.) 2008. Historical and Holocene glacier-climate variations. Global and Planetary Change, 60 (1-2).
  • WGI-IAHS (ICSI) 1980. World glacier inventory. Proceedings of a workshop held at Aletschzentrum, September 1978. IAHS Publ 126. link
  • Zemp, M., Braun, M.H., Brun, F. and Thomson, L. (eds.). Observational assessments of glacier mass changes at regional and global level. Frontiers Research Topic. link

Selected studies using WGMS data:

  • Braithwaite, R.J. 2002. Glacier mass balance: the first 50 years of international monitoring. Progress in Physical Geography, 26(1): 76-95. DOI
  • Braithwaite, R. J. (2015): From Doktor Kurowski’s Schneegrenze to our modern glacier equilibrium line altitude (ELA), The Cryosphere, 9, 2135-2148. DOI
  • Cogley, J.G. and Adams, W.P. 1998. Mass balance of glaciers other than the ice sheets. Journal of Glaciology, 44 (147): 315-325. DOI
  • Cogley, J.G. 2005. Mass and energy balances of glaciers and ice sheets. In: Anderson, M.G. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences 4. John Wiley, Hoboken, New Jersey: 2555-2573.
  • Cogley, J.G. 2009. Geodetic and direct mass-balance measurements: comparison and joint analysis. Annals of Glaciology, 50 (50): 96-100. DOI
  • Dyurgerov, M. B. 2002. Glacier mass balance and regime: data of measurements and analysis. In: Meier, M. F. and Armstrong, R., Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research 55, University of Colorado, Boulder.
  • Dyurgerov, M. B. 2010. Reanalysis of Glacier Changes: From the IGY to the IPY, 1960-2008. Data of Glaciological Studies, 108: 1-116.
  • Dyurgerov, M.B. and Dwyer, J. 2000. The steepening of glacier mass balance gradients with Northern Hemisphere warming. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie 36: 107-118.
  • Dyurgerov, M.B. and Meier, M.F. 1997. Mass balance of mountain and subpolar glaciers: a new global assessment for 1961-1990. Arctic and Alpine Research, 29(4): 379-391.
  • Dyurgerov, M.B. and Meier, M.F. 1999. Analysis of winter and summer glacier mass balances. Geografiska Annaler Series A – Physical Geography, 81A, 4: 541-554.
  • Dyurgerov, M.B. and Meier, M.F. 2005. Glaciers and the changing earth system: A 2004 snapshot. Occasional paper 58. Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder.
  • Evans, I.S. 1977. World-wide variations in direction and concentration of cirque and glacier aspects. Geografiska Annaler Series A – Physical Geography, 59(3-4): 151-175. DOI
  • Evans, I.S. and Cox, N.J. 2005. Global variations of local asymmetry in glacier altitude: separation of north-south and east-west components. Journal of Glaciology, 51(174): 469-482. DOI
  • Evans, I.S. 2006. Glacier distribution in the Alps: Statistical modelling of altitude and aspect. Geografiska Annaler Series A – Physical Geography, 88A(2): 115-133. DOI
  • Evans, I.S. 2006. Local aspect asymmetry of mountain glaciation: A global survey of consistency of favoured directions for glacier numbers and altitudes. Geomorphology, 73(1-2): 166-184. DOI
  • Gärtner-Roer, I., Nussbaumer, S.U., Hüsler, F. and Zemp, M. 2019. Worldwide Assessment of National Glacier Monitoring and Future Perspectives. Mountain Research and Development, 39 (2): A1-A11. DOI
  • Grove, J.M. 2004. Little ice ages: ancient and modern. Vol. I + II (2nd ed.). Routledge studies in physical geography and environment.
  • Haeberli, W. and Hoelzle, M. 1995. Application of inventory data for estimating characteristics of and regional climate change effects on mountain glaciers – a pilot study with the European Alps. Annals of Glaciology, 21: 206-212. DOI
  • Hoelzle, M., W. Haeberli, W., Dischl, M. and Peschke, W. 2003. Secular glacier mass balances derived from cumulative glacier length changes. Global and Planetary Change, 36(4): 295-306. DOI
  • Kaser, G., Cogley, J.G., Dyurgerov, M.B., Meier, M.F. and Ohmura, A. 2006. Mass balance of glaciers and ice caps: Consensus estimates for 1961-2004. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L19501. DOI
  • Klok, E.J., Oerlemans, J. 2004. Climate reconstructions derived from global glacier length records. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 36(4): 575-583. DOI
  • Meier, M.F. and Bahr, D.B. 1996. Counting glaciers: use of scaling methods to estimate the number and size distribution of the glaciers on the world. In: Colbeck, S.C. (ed.) Glaciers, Ice Sheets and Volcanoes: a tribute to Mark F. Meier. Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL) Special Report, 96-27: 1-120.
  • Meier, M.F., Dyurgerov, M.B., Rick, U.K., O’Neel, S., Pfeffer, W.T., Anderson, R.S., Anderson, S.P. and Glazovsky, A.F. 2007. Glaciers dominate eustatic sea-level rise in the 21st century. Science, 317 (5841): 1064-1067. DOI
  • Oerlemans, J. 2001. Glaciers and Climate Change. Swets and Zeitlinger, Lisse, 148pp.
  • Oerlemans, J. 2005. Extracting a climate signal from 169 glacier records. Science, 308(5722): 675-677. DOI
  • Ohmura, A. 2011. Observed Mass Balance of Mountain Glaciers and Greenland Ice Sheet in the 20th Century and the Present Trends. Surveys in Geophysics. doi: 10.1007/s10712-011-9124-4.
  • Ohmura, A. 2006. Changes in mountain glaciers and ice caps during the 20th century. Annals of Glaciology, 43: 361-368. DOI
  • Ohmura, A. 2004. Cryosphere during the twentieth century. In: Sparks, R.S.J. and Hawkesworth, C.J. (eds.) The state of the Planet: Frontiers and Challenges in Geophysics, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., 150, AGU, Washington D.C.: 239-257. DOI
  • Ohmura, A., Kasser, P. and Funk, M. 1992. Climate at the equilibrium line of glaciers. Journal of Glaciology, 38 (129): 397-411. DOI
  • Paul, F., Kääb, A., Maisch, M., Kellenberger, T.W. and Haeberli, W. 2004. Rapid disintegration of Alpine glaciers observed with satellite data. Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L21402, doi:10.1029/2004GL020816.
  • Radic, V. and Hock, R. 2011. Regionally differentiated contribution of mountain glaciers and ice caps to future sea-level rise. Nature, 4 (2): 91-94. DOI
  • Raper, S.C.B. and Braithwaite, R.J. 2006. Low sea level rise projections from mountain glaciers and icecaps under global warming. Nature Geoscience, 439: 311-313. DOI
  • Rea, B. R. (2009). Defining modern day Area-Altitude Balance Ratios (AABRs) and their use in glacier-climate reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28(3-4), 237-248. DOI
  • WMO (2023): Guide to instruments and methods of observation. Vol II – measurement of cryospheric variables. World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland: 96. pdf
  • Zemp, M., Haeberli, W., Bajracharya, S., Chinn, T.J., Fountain, A.G., Hagen, J.O., Huggel, C., Kääb, A., Kaltenborn, B.P., Karki, M., Kaser, G., Kotlyakov, V.M., Lambrechts, C., Li, Z.Q., Molnia, B.F., Mool, P., Nellemann, C., Novikov, V., Osipova, G.B., Rivera, A., Shrestha, B., Svoboda, F., Tsetkov, D.G., and Yao, T.D. 2007. Glaciers and ice caps. part I: Global overview and outlook. part II: Glacier changes around the world. In: UNEP: Global outlook for ice & snow. UNEP/GRID-Arendal, Norway: 115-152. link
  • Zemp, M., Hoelzle, M. and Haeberli, W. 2009. Six decades of glacier mass-balance observations: a review of the worldwide monitoring network. Annals of Glaciology, 50: 101-111. DOI
  • Zemp, M., Paul, F., Hoelzle, M., and Haeberli, W. 2007. Glacier fluctuations in the European Alps 1850-2000: an overview and spatio-temporal analysis of available data. In: Orlove, B., Wiegandt, E. and Luckman, B. (eds.): The darkening peaks: Glacial retreat in scientific and socal context. University of California Press: 152-167.
  • Zemp, M., Frey, H., Gärtner-Roer, I., Nussbaumer, S.U., Hoelzle, M., Paul, F., Haeberli, W., Denzinger, F., Ahlstroem, A.P., Anderson, B., Bajracharya, S., Baroni, C., Braun, L.N., Caceres, B.E., Casassa, G., Cobos, G., Davila, L.R., Delgado Granados, H., Demuth, M.N., Espizua, L., Fischer, A., Fujita, K., Gadek, B., Ghazanfar, A., Hagen, J.O., Holmlund, P., Karimi, N., Li, Z., Pelto, M., Pitte, P., Popovnin, V.V., Portocarrero, C.A., Prinz, R., Sangewar, C.V., Severskiy, I., Sigurdsson, O., Soruco, A., Usubaliev, R., and Vincent, C. (2015): Historically unprecedented global glacier decline in the early 21st century. Journal of Glaciology, 61 (228), p. 745-762. DOI
  • Zemp, M., Huss, M., Thibert, E., Eckert, N., McNabb, R., Huber, J., Barandun, M., Machguth, H., Nussbaumer, S.U., Gärtner-Roer, I., Thomson, L., Paul, F., Maussion, F., Kutuzov, S. and Cogley, J.G. (2019): Global glacier mass changes and their contributions to sea-level rise from 1961 to 2016. DOI

Literature about international glacier monitoring strategy as well as about monitoring guidelines and standards can be found on the GTN-G website.

last change 23/05/2024