Hellstugubreen, Scandinavia

Mass Balance Factsheet for the Hellstugubreen, Scandinavia

Hellstugubreen (now written with the ending „–an“ on official maps, i.e. Hellstugubrean) is a north-facing valley glacier situated in central Jotunheimen, the highest mountain massif in mainland Norway. The glacier borders the Vestre Memurubre glacier. Hellstugubreen ranges in elevation from 2229 to 1482 m a.s.l. and has an area of 2.9 km2 (map survey of 2009). The glacier is part of an east-west mass balance transect in southern Norway where mass turnover is largest near the western coast and decreases towards the drier interior.
Hellstugubreen is in this respect considered a continental glacier, with a smaller mass balance turnover and less winter precipitation than glaciers situated further west. Annual mass balance measurements began in 1961/62, and 2009/10 and 2010/11 were the 49th and 50th year of continuous measurements at Hellstugubreen, respectively. The cumulative mass balance since 1961/62 is –21 m w.e., the mean annual balance over the 50 years of measurements was –420 mm w.e. The glacier has been mapped repeatedly; the most recent map is made by laserscanning and is from 2009.
Further information and references for Hellstugubreen is given on NVE’s webpage.
For information on the status of the glacier and on data relating to annual mass balance and other measurements, visit the WGMS Fluctuations of Glaciers Browser.

FACTS:

  • Political unit: NO
  • WGMS ID: 300
  • Latitude: 61.56°N
  • Longitude: 8.44°E
  • Height min: 1482 m a.s.l.
  • Height max: 2229 m a.s.l.
  • Measurement types: MASS BALANCE, THICKNESS CHANGE & FRONT VARIATION
  • Current Principal Investigator: LISS M. ANDREASSEN & Colleagues
  • Current Sponsoring Agency: NORWEGIAN WATER RESOURCES AND ENERGY DIRECTORATE (NVE) – SECTION FOR GLACIERS, ICE AND SNOW (OSLO, NO)
Hellstugubreen in August 2013 (taken by Liss M. Andreassen on 01/08/2013)

Hellstugubreen in August 2013 (taken by Liss M. Andreassen on 01/08/2013)

Terrestrial and satellite map of Hellstugubreen (Google Maps)

Engabreen Annual Mass Balance (WGMS, 2016)

Engabreen Annual Mass Balance (WGMS, 2016)

Continuous Mass Balance (MB) measurements since 1961/62:

logo_MB_graph1logo_MB_data1

Additional data available: Front Variation (FV), Thickness Change (TC) and Glacier Outlines:

logoFVgraph1logoFVdata1logoTC_graph1logoTC_data1logo_Glacier_Outlines

Selected references:

Andreassen, L. M., H. Elvehøy, B. Kjøllmoen, and R. V. Engeset, R. V. 2016. Reanalysis of long-term series of glaciological and geodetic mass balance for 10 Norwegian glaciers, The Cryosphere, 10, 535-552, doi:10.5194/tc-10-535-2016.

NVE’s report series Glasiologiske undersøkelser i Norge/Glaciological investigations in Norway. Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate. Reports are available as pdf’s at https://www.nve.no/hydrology/glaciers/glaciological-investigations-in-norway/.

Overview

last change 9/11/2016