Mass Balance Factsheet for the Nigardsbreen, Scandinavia
Nigardsbreen Glacier is one of the largest outlet glacier from Jostedalsbreen ice cap. The glacier accounts for approximately 10% of the total area of Jostedalsbreen. This glacier has been classified as one of the ‘reference glaciers’ by the World Glacier Monitoring Service because it has received continuous long-term observations dating back to the year 1962/63. Its wide accumulation area discharges into a narrow tongue, both being generally exposed to the south-east. Nigardsbreen Glacier is assumed to be entirely temperate and the periglacial area to be predominantly free of permafrost. Average annual precipitation for the 1961-1999 period was 1380 mm and mean annual air temperature at the equilibrium line is estimated at -3 °C.
Further information and references for Nigardsbreen is given on NVE’s webpage.
For additional information on the status of the glacier and on data relating to annual mass balance and other measurements, visit the WGMS Fluctuations of Glaciers Browser.
- Political unit: NO
- WGMS ID: 290
- Latitude: 61.72°N
- Longitude: 7.13°E
- Height min: 330 m a.s.l.
- Height max: 1952 m a.s.l.
- Measurement types: MASS BALANCE & FRONT VARIATION (OBSERVATION & RECONSTRUCTION)
- Current Principal Investigator: BJARNE KJOLLMOEN & Colleagues
- Current Sponsoring Agency: NORWEGIAN WATER RESOURCES AND ENERGY DIRECTORATE (NVE) – SECTION FOR GLACIERS, ICE AND SNOW (OSLO, NO)
Terrestrial and satellite map of Nigardsbreen (Google Maps)
Continuous Mass Balance (MB) measurements since 1961/62:
Additional data available: Front Variation (FV), Thickness Change (TC) and Glacier Outlines:
Andreassen, L. M., H. Elvehøy, B. Kjøllmoen, and R. V. Engeset, R. V. 2016. Reanalysis of long-term series of glaciological and geodetic mass balance for 10 Norwegian glaciers, The Cryosphere, 10, 535-552, doi:10.5194/tc-10-535-2016.
NVE’s report series Glasiologiske undersøkelser i Norge/Glaciological investigations in Norway. Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate. Reports are available as pdf’s at https://www.nve.no/hydrology/glaciers/glaciological-investigations-in-norway/.