Mass Balance Factsheet for the Nigardsbreen, Scandinavia
Nigardsbreen Glacier is one of the largest outlet glacier from Jostedalsbreen ice cap. The glacier accounts for approximately 10% of the total area of Jostedalsbreen. This glacier has been classified as one of the ‘reference glaciers’ by the World Glacier Monitoring Service because it has received continuous long-term observations dating back to the year 1962/63. Its wide accumulation area discharges into a narrow tongue, both being generally exposed to the south-east. Nigardsbreen Glacier is assumed to be entirely temperate and the periglacial area to be predominantly free of permafrost. Average annual precipitation for the 1961-1999 period was 1380 mm and mean annual air temperature at the equilibrium line is estimated at -3 °C For additional information on the status of the glacier and on data relating to annual mass balance and other measurements, visit the WGMS MetaDataBrowser.
- Political unit: NO
- WGMS ID: 290
- Latitude: 61.72°N
- Longitude: 7.13°E
- Height min: 315 m a.s.l.
- Height max: 1957 m a.s.l.
- Measurement types: MASS BALANCE & FRONT VARIATION (OBSERVATION & RECONSTRUCTION)
- Current Principal Investigator: BJARNE KJOLLMOEN & Colleagues
- Current Sponsoring Agency: NORWEGIAN WATER RESOURCES AND ENERGY DIRECTORATE (NVE) – SECTION FOR GLACIERS, SNOW AND ICE (OSLO, NO)
Terrestrial and satellite map of Nigardsbreen (Google Maps)
Continuous Mass Balance (MB) measurements since 1961/62:
Additional data available: Front Variation (FV), Thickness Change (TC) and Glacier Outlines:
Selected references: tba